Fire prevention and fire fighting services are organised by the States/UTs. Ministry of Home Affairs renders technical advice to States/UTs and Central Ministries on Fire Protection, Fire Prevention and Fire Legislation.

For up-gradation of Fire Service in the States, MHA arranges soft GIC loans through the Ministry of Finance, (Insurance Division) for the purchase of capital fire fighting equipment and also for construction of buildings. From 1980-81 till to-date, a total sum of Rs. 313.30 crores GIC loans had been arranged by the Ministry for development of State Fire Services. Tenth Finance Commission had also allocated Rs. 80 crores as grant-in-aid for modernisation of Fire Services in the States during plan period 1995-2000. The 11th Finance Commission had also allocated Rs. 201 crores for the proper development of Fire Services in States, specially in all Districts HQ towns and also for towns having population of 50,000 and above, during the plan period 2000-2005.

Training of junior level fire professionals are conducted by the States/UTs in State Fire Training Schools. At the moment 14 such State Fire Training Schools are operating in various States/UTs. Training of officers of Fire Services is conducted in the National Fire Service College which was established in Nagpur as a subordinate training establishment of the Ministry, way back in 1956.

During the calender year 2002, NFSC had projected 18 training courses including B. E. (Fire) 1st , 2nd and 3rd year courses, which are on-going in nature. Since inception in 1956, the college has so far trained total 12,433 fire officers including 71 foreign trainees from 12 countries.

Standing Fire Advisory Council (SFAC) constituted by the Ministry is the apex body of Fire & Safety experts comprised of Heads of Fire Services of all States & UTs. SFAC advises Govt. of India on various aspects on fire and safety. Recently, Ministry compiled all recommendations of SFAC (up-dated upto latest 28th meeting) and The Compendium of Recommendations of SFAC has been printed in two volumes and circulated it to all concerned.