HOME GUARDS

Home Guards is a voluntary force, first raised in India in December, 1946, to assist the police in controlling civil disturbance and communal riots. Subsequently, the concept of the voluntary citizens force was adopted by several States. In the wake of Chinese aggression in 1962, the Centre advised the State and Union Territories to merge their exiting voluntary organisation into one uniform voluntary force known as Home Guards. The role of Home Guards is to serve as an auxiliary to the police in maintenance of internal security, help the community in any kind of emergency such as an air-raid, fire, cyclone, earthquake, epidemic etc., help in maintenance of essential services, promote communal harmony and assist the administration in protecting weaker sections, participate in socio-economic and welfare activities and perform Civil Defence duties. Home Guards are of two types - rural and urban. In border States, Border Wing Home Guards Bns. have also been raised, which serve as an auxiliary to the Border Security Force. The total strength of Home Guards in the country is 5,73,793 against which the present raised strength is 4,86,401 HGs. The organisation is spread over in all States and Union Territories except in Kerala.

Eighteen Border Wing Home Guards (BWHG) Battalions have been raised in the border States to serve as an auxiliary to Border Security Force for preventing infiltration on the international border/coastal areas, guarding of VA/VPs and lines of communication invulnerable areas at the time of external aggression. The present state wise sanctioned of Border Wing Home Guards is as follows:-

States No. of BWHGs Bns
Punjab
Rajasthan
Gujarat
Assam
Meghalaya
Tripura
West Bengal
6
4
4
1
1
1
1
TOTAL 18
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