Home Guards are raised under the Home
Guards Acts and Rules of the States/Union Territories.
They are recruited from various cross sections of the
people such as doctors, engineers, lawyers, private
sector organisations, college and university students,
agricultural and industrial workers etc. who give their
spare time to the organisation for betterment of the
community. All citizens of India, who are in the age
group of 18-50, are eligible to become Home Guards.
Normal tenure of membership in Home Guards is 3 to 5
years. Amenities and facilities given to Home Guards
include free uniform and washing allowance, free boarding
and lodging during training, cash awards and medals
for gallantry, distinguished and meritorious services.
A Home Guards, whenever called out for duty/training,
is paid duty/training allowance at prescribed rates
to meet out-of-pocket expenses. Members of Home Guards
with three years services in the organisation are trained
in police in maintenance of law and order, prevention
of crime, anti-decoity measures, border patrolling,
prohibition, flood relief, fire fighting, election duties
and social welfare activities. In the event of national
emergency, some portion of Civil Defence work is also
entrusted to the Home Guards.
The Ministry of Home Affairs formulate
the policy in respect of role, target, raising, training,
equipping, establishment and other important matters
of Home Guards Organisation. Expenditure on Home Guards
is shared between Centre and State Governments as per
existing financial policy.